We can categorize thyroid problems or disorders into two main categories:

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism

One of the most common thyroid problems are the low functioning of thyroid. This can occur in anyone irrespective of their age and gender. But it is most commonly found in women and more specifically 1 in 5 women above the age of 65. People seek thyroxin replacement therapy in order to cure the deficiency of hormones created due to hypothyroidism.

It is not only found in adults but children are also born with a dysfunctional thyroid which means that their growth will be highly affected delaying in several processes such as height and weight, formation of speech and etc, in case it is not treated properly at the right time.

There are measures taken to avoid unawareness of hypothyroidism in infants by the same blood test and screening run through adults. This helps in locating the depthness of issue and curing it accordingly.
Every individual has their own unique type of body which makes it difficult to know the symptoms by just concluding a few conditions. This is the same reason why the effects of hypothyroidism vastly vary amongst them. It also depends on age and sex as different age groups react differently.

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is the opposite of hypothyroidism but its symptoms are similar to hypo as they can vary from person to person and react differently especially when it is prolonged. This is more common in women than men. Its affects are opposite as compared to hypothyroidism because in children it can result in speedy growth, lack of concentration and poor handwriting paired with many other problems. 

While in young women it can create more serious issues such as irregular periods or menstrual cycle, frequent miscarriages and even lead to infertility in severe cases.

Other times, women may suffer through mood swings, hot flashes, sweating, imbalanced weight and all the other things.


While in conversation with a nutritionist in Abu Dhabi we got to know that one of the symptoms can be continuous weight loss despite an increased appetite which can be very dangerous. This happens because thyroid is responsible for proper functioning of metabolism and hyperthyroidism makes the digestion process quicker than usual which means that food is digested quickly without giving the body proper nutrients.